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Robinson
Theodore Robinson (American, 1852-1896)<
In the Grove, c. 1888

Oil on canvas
31 3/4 x 25 3/4 in. (80.7 x 65.4 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.291
Purchased by Etta Cone, March 24, 1898



Matisse: Yellow Pottery from Provence
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Yellow Pottery from Provence, 1905

Oil on canvas
21 7/8 x 18 3/8 in. (55.6 x 46.7 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.227
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, 1906



Picasso: Self-Portrait (Bonjour Mlle Cone)
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973)
Self-Portrait (Bonjour Mlle Cone), 1907

Pen and brown ink
8 5/16 x 5 1/2 in. (21.1 x 14 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.12.481
© 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Gift from Picasso to Etta Cone, January 7, 1908



Pendant
Pendant, 18th-19th century
India

Gold, emeralds, diamonds, enamel, silk, metal threads
2 1/4 in. diameter (5.7 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.557.26



Lace Fan Leaf
Black Chantilly Bobbin Lace Fan Leaf, 1908
France or Belgium

Silk
23 1/2 x 8 in. (59.7 x 20.3 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.2010.21



Buddhist Priest’s Stole
Buddhist Priest’s Stole (Ohi),
18th century (Edo period)
Japan

Silk, kinran (gold-leafed mulberry paper)
11 x 57 1/2 in. (27.9 x 146.1 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.1999.13



Picasso: Dr. Claribel Cone
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973)
Dr. Claribel Cone, 1922

Graphite
25 3/16 x 19 7/16 in. (64 x 49.4 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.12.499
© 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Commissioned by Claribel Cone, July 14, 1922


Matisse: Large Cliff with Fish
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Large Cliff with Fish, 1920

Oil on canvas
36 5/8 x 29 in. (93.1 x 73.7 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.233
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Claribel and Etta Cone, July 6, 1923



Matisse: Standing Odalisque Reflected in a Mirror
Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954)
Standing Odalisque Reflected in a Mirror, 1923

Oil on canvas
31 7/8 x 21 3/8 in. (81 x 54.3 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.250
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, September 1, 1923


Matisse: Interior, Flowers and Parakeets
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Interior, Flowers and Parakeets, 1924

Oil on canvas
46 x 28 5/8 in. (116.9 x 72.7 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.252
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights <
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, July 6, 1925



Matisse: Large Odalisque with Striped Pantaloons
Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954)
Large Odalisque with Striped Pantaloons, 1925

Crayon-transfer lithograph with scraping
28 1/16 x 22 11/16 in. (71.3 x 57.6 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.12.155
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
No purchase records exist for this work


Matisse: Seated Odalisque, Left Knee Bent, Ornamental Background and Checkerboard
Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954)
Seated Odalisque, Left Knee Bent, Ornamental
Background and Checkerboard
, 1928

Oil on canvas
21 5/8 x 14 7/8 in. (54.9 x 37.8 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.255
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
No purchase records exist for this work


Courbet
Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877)
The Shaded Stream at Le Puits Noir, c. 1860-1865

Oil on canvas
25 1/4 x 31 1/8 in. (64.2 x 79.1 cm.)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.202
Purchased by Claribel Cone, September 20, 1929



Picasso: Woman with Bangs
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973)
Woman with Bangs, 1902

Oil on canvas
24 1/8 x 20 1/4 in. (61.3 x 51.4 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.268
© 2011 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, 1929 or 1930



Matisse: Large Seated Nude
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Large Seated Nude, original model 1922–1929;
this cast 1930

Bronze
30 3/16 x 31 5/8 x 14 in. (76.7 x 80.3 x 35.6 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.436
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, September 18, 1930



Matisse: Dr. Claribel Cone (I/IV)
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Dr. Claribel Cone (I/IV), 1931-1934

Graphite with stumping and erasing
16 5/16 x 9 15/16 in. (41.5 x 25.3 cm.)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.12.65
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Gift of Henri Matisse to Etta Cone, July 1934



Matisse: Etta Cone (VI/VI)
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Etta Cone (VI/VI), 1931-1934

Charcoal with stumping
28 x 16 1/8 in. (71.1 x 41 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.12.70
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Gift of Henri Matisse to Etta Cone, July 1934


Van Gogh
Vincent Van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890)
Landscape with Figures, 1889

Oil on canvas
19 5/8 x 25 3/4 in. (49.9 x 65.4 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.303
Purchased by Etta Cone, August 10, 1934



Matisse: Large Reclining Nude
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Large Reclining Nude, 1935

Oil on canvas
26 x 36 1/2 in. (66 x 92.7 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.258
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, summer or fall 1936
See how this painting evolved



Gauguin
Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903)
Vahine no te vi (Woman of the Mango), 1892

Oil on canvas
28 5/8 x 17 1/2 in. (72.7 x 44.5 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.213
Purchased by Etta Cone, August 19, 1937



Matisse: Striped Robe, Fruit, and Anemones
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Striped Robe, Fruit, and Anemones, 1940

Oil on canvas
21 3/8 x 25 1/2 in. (54.3 x 64.8 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel Cone and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.263
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, November 12, 1940


Matisse: Two Girls, Red and Green Background
Henri Matisse (French, 1869-1954)
Two Girls, Red and Green Background, 1947

Oil on canvas
22 1/8 x 18 1/4 in. (56.2 x 46.4 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Cone Collection,
formed by Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone of
Baltimore, Maryland, BMA 1950.264
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York
Purchased by Etta Cone, March 8, 1949



Family Background and Early Years

1828
Herman Kahn is born in Altenstadt-am-Iller, Germany.

1838
Helen Guggenheimer is born in Württemberg, Germany. At age ten, she immigrates to America with her family; they settle in Virginia.

1846
Herman Kahn immigrates to America and lives first with his sister in Richmond, Virginia. Eventually he changes his surname to Cone.

Letter from Joseph Rosengart to his brother-in-law Herman, April 16, 1846, Buttenhausen, Germany
You may shed tears because you are leaving your parents’ house. . . . But dry your tears, because you may have the sweet hope of finding a second home abroad and a new country where you will not be deprived of all political and civil rights and where the Jew is not excluded from the society of all other men and subject to the severest restrictions . . . but may claim all human rights and human dignity.

1856
Herman Cone marries Helen Guggenheimer. Together they move to Jonesborough, Tennessee, where Herman has established a successful general store with his brotherin-law Jacob Adler.

1857
Moses Cone, the first of thirteen children, is born to Helen and Herman.

1861–65
The Civil War ravages the country. The Cones are accepted as Jews, but they are ostracized as Confederate sympathizers by their Unionist neighbors. Herman temporarily closes his business and moves to a farm outside Jonesborough. He and Jacob partner with a Unionist sheriff after the war to reestablish their business.

1862
In December, General Ulysses S. Grant releases an order to expel all Jews from Tennessee, in addition to areas of Kentucky and Mississippi. President Abraham Lincoln intervenes and the decree is rescinded on January 4, 1863.

1864
Claribel Cone is born on November 14.

1869
Henri Matisse is born.

1870
The Cone family relocates to Baltimore, where Helen’s family is already established in the German Jewish community. Years later, with assistance from his eldest sons, Moses and Ceasar, Herman’s cigar and grocery business affords the family a comfortable lifestyle. He names the business H. Cone & Sons.

Etta Cone is born on November 30.

1872
Leo Stein is born.

1874
Gertrude Stein is born.

1881
Pablo Picasso is born.

1886
Herman travels with Claribel to Europe.

Claribel Cone
Claribel Cone as a resident physician,
Blockley Almshouse, Philadelphia,
c. 1891–1892
Gilbert Studios, Philadelphia, PA
The Baltimore Museum of Art: Dr.
Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CC.2



Etta Cone
Etta Cone at age 18–19
wearing a riding outfit,
late 1880s.
The Baltimore Museum of Art:
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and
Manuscripts Collections, EC.1



1887
Claribel enrolls in the Women’s Medical College of Baltimore.


Etta graduates from Western Female High School and takes on responsibility managing the Cone household, which is now located at 1607 Eutaw Place, in one of the city’s fashionable neighborhoods.

1890
Claribel receives a medical degree, graduating at the top of her class. She conducts postdoctoral work in gynecology; accepts a prestigious residency at Philadelphia’s Blockley hospital; lectures on hygiene and pathology in Baltimore; and publishes articles. She serves as president of her alma mater from 1900 to 1901.

Herman dissolves H. Cone & Sons. Moses and Ceasar invest the proceeds to found Cone Export and Commission Company, initiating a textile empire that will remain a family-controlled business for nearly a century—and furnish Claribel and Etta with generous annual stipends. In the coming fifty years, the Greensboro, North Carolina-based company revolutionizes the industry with its production and marketing of denim, corduroy, and flannel.

1891
The Cones donate funds to the Baltimore Hebrew Congregation. A plaque inscribed with Herman Cone’s name and dated 1891 commemorates the opening of the new synagogue.

1892
Gertrude and Leo Stein move from San Francisco to Baltimore during the summer and live with relatives of their late mother. Through Baltimore’s German Jewish community, they enter the Cones’ social circle. Leo stays in Baltimore until the fall semester begins at Harvard. A year later, Gertrude follows him to Cambridge, Massachusetts, and enrolls at the Harvard Annex, which becomes Radcliffe College in 1894. The Steins maintain close ties with Baltimore.

1897
Gertrude Stein begins the pursuit of a medical degree at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, where Claribel is conducting research. The two cement their friendship through their daily conversations en route to the university, and Claribel invites Gertrude to give her first public lecture, “The Value of a College Education for Women.”

Herman Cone dies, leaving family members a modest inheritance.

...........................................................................................





Among the Fauves: 1898-1908

1898
Etta and her sister-in-law Bertha Cone see paintings from the estate of the American Impressionist Theodore Robinson in New York. Etta acquires five paintings by the artist for $300.

1901
In late spring Etta makes her first passage to Europe, accompanied by a cousin, Hortense Guggenheimer, and a friend, Harriet L. Clark. Leo Stein welcomes them at the port of Naples and for the next three weeks acts as tour guide and art professor to receptive eyes and ears. Over the following months, the Cone constituency travels through central and northern Italy, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, France, and the United Kingdom.

Before she leaves Paris at the end of September, Etta seeks out Japanese prints in antique stores with Gertrude and purchases a number of pieces.

1902
Helen Cone dies.

Leo rents an apartment at 27 rue de Fleurus in Paris, near the Luxembourg Gardens, and Gertrude moves in the next year. In the coming decade, their home will become an influential salon visited by legendary artists, writers, and collectors, including the Cones.

Claribel and Etta Cone with Gertrude Stein, 1903
Claribel Cone, Gertrude Stein, and Etta Cone in Settignano, Italy,
June 26, 1903
The Baltimore Museum of Art: Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone Papers, Archives and Manuscripts Collection, CG.12


1903
Claribel and Etta sail to Europe with cousin Aimee Guggenheimer. After a summer of traveling, Etta returns to the United States, while Claribel stays on in Europe to conduct research at the Senckenberg Institute in Frankfurt.

Entry from Etta’s Diary June 8, 1903 Florence
Arose late, and after a late breakfast, we went . . . to the Uffizzi [sic]. I felt perfectly happy to be among all these great old masters again. Walked through and simply pointed out the grand ones to Sister Claribel.

1904
Etta travels with Gertrude to Italy, beginning a two-year European sojourn, revisiting favorite places, friends, and family. She lives in Paris from the fall of 1905 through the following spring.

Letter from Moses to his sister Etta, December 16, 1904, Greensboro, North Carolina
I am more than pleased that my expressions of respect and consideration for you and my pride in you as a sweet refined young woman should give you pleasure. . . . I find there are so few really high toned sweet cultured ladies that it is a pleasure to me to recognize my sister as one and I don’t think it will hurt her to hear this once in a while.

1905
Invited by the Steins, Claribel and Etta attend the opening of the groundbreaking Salon d’Automne in Paris on October 18. The term “Fauvism” is coined when the art critic Louis Vauxcelles refers to the painters exhibiting at the Salon as wild beasts, or fauves, after seeing such bold works as Matisse’s Woman with a Hat (1905), which the Steins purchase.

Visiting Picasso’s Parisian studio on rue Ravignan with Gertrude and Leo a month after the Salon, Etta buys two works on paper from the artist for 120 French francs. These are the first of 113 pieces by Picasso in the Cone Collection.

Etta types the manuscript for Gertrude Stein’s Three Lives (published 1909).

1906
On January 15, Gertrude’s sister-in-law Sally Stein introduces Etta to Matisse. Etta purchases her first drawings by the artist.

1906–07
Etta and Claribel circumnavigate the globe with Moses and his wife, Bertha, experiencing cultures of Africa and Asia by way of Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, India, Ceylon (today known as Sri Lanka), China, and Japan. The sisters keep beautifully illustrated advertisements of alluring stores and solicitations from local antique dealers. They purchase souvenirs for friends and family, along with striking mementos for themselves. The sisters maintain correspondence with others throughout the trip, writing on stationery from such luxury hotels as the Grand Oriental in Colombo and the Shepheard and the Ghezireh Palace in Cairo. The foreign cultures they experience inspire a taste for exotic decorative arts and bold jewelry.

1908
Etta receives a greeting from Picasso enclosed in a letter from Gertrude.

Moses Cone, Etta’s beloved eldest brother, dies. A year later she confides to Gertrude, “I miss my brother’s intense devotion and approval of me.” Etta spends much of her time with her widowed sister-in-law, aiding in the management of the household in Blowing Rock, North Carolina.

...........................................................................................





Collecting Hiatus and War Years: 1909-1921

1913
The New York Armory Show of 1913 rivets and polarizes the American art world. Leo Stein loans Matisse’s Blue Nude (1907) from his collection to the exhibition.

1914
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria signals the onset of World War I.

postcard from Claribel to Etta Cone
Postcard from Claribel Cone to Etta Cone, August 20, 1915
3 9/16 x 5 1/2 in. (9 x 14 cm)
The Baltimore Museum of Art: Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone Papers, Archives and Manuscripts Collections CP3.2.5


1914–21
Claribel remains in Germany for the duration of the war. She writes to family frequently; much of her correspondence is marked “Opened by Censor.” By 1917, she cannot draw funds from her American bank account and is cut off from communication with her family. With financial assistance from a cousin in Munich, Claribel continues as normal an existence as the war will allow, visiting auction houses, lectures, museums, and concerts.

Letter from Claribel to Etta, July 1915, Munich
I am strictly neutral my dear sister. Please do not mistake that. But being in the midst of so much suffering, so much heroism and so much nobility of soul and self-sacrifice, I cannot but feel deeply sympathetic and sincerely interested in the cause of the German. . . . This does not mean however that I cannot sympathize equally as much with all the tried peoples of the earth—who are suffering through this mistaken notion of upholding one’s own dignity—I cannot lend my acceptance to a situation which makes it necessary for human beings to slay each other in order to make wrong right.

1917
On April 6, the United States declares war on Germany.

1918
World War I ends, on November 11.

...........................................................................................





Vanguard Collecting: 1922-1929

1920s
Claribel, Etta, and their youngest brother, Frederic, move into adjoining living quarters at the Marlborough Apartments in Baltimore.

1922
The Cone sisters resume their European excursions, now with a sincere devotion to collecting modern art.

1923–24
Etta embarks on a second world trip, visiting Europe, North Africa, and Asia, this time with her brother Julius. Writing from Baltimore, her cousin Julia Guggenheimer reports to Gertrude on February 18, 1924: “Never before have they been so enthusiastic about any trip. Egypt seems to have fascinated them much more than it did seventeen years ago.” By this time, Etta is an experienced traveler, and much more sophisticated in her tastes.

1925
Claribel purchases Paul Cézanne’s Mont Sainte-Victoire Seen from the Bibémus Quarry (c. 1897) from Bernheim-Jeune gallery in Paris for 410,000 French francs, or $18,860.

Gertrude Stein publishes “Two Women”, a word portrait of Claribel and Etta Cone.

1926
In Paris, at the estate sale of the lawyer and collector John Quinn, Claribel purchases Matisse’s Blue Nude— formerly in the collection of Leo Stein— for 120,760 French francs, or about $5,000.

1927
Claribel buys Vincent van Gogh’s A Pair of Boots (1887) and an Egyptian bronze cat (seventh to fourth century B.C.E.) from the dealer Paul Vallotton. Although she experiences a touch of buyer’s remorse over the former, she adores the latter, as if it were a beloved pet.

Letter from Claribel to Etta, August 18, 1927, Lausanne, Switzerland
I have a cat. . . . I wish I knew the artist who created this thing of beauty—or I wish I knew the name of the man whose soul inhabited it.

1929
Claribel dies September 20, in Lausanne, Switzerland, having bought Gustave Courbet’s The Shaded Stream at Le Puits Noir (c. 1860–1865) from Paul Vallotton that same day. In her will, she leaves her entire art collection to Etta. Over the coming months, Etta receives condolence letters from Matisse and Gertrude Stein, among others.

Letter from Etta to Gertrude in response to her condolence letter, November 5, 1929
I do appreciate your understanding sympathy. Your realization of my sister is also a comfort to me. She always admired you profoundly. I should like so much to hear you talk of my sister some day when I am more calm.

...........................................................................................





Etta Collects: 1929-1935

1929–39
The Great Depression ripples out from the United States to the world’s economies. Etta continues to build her collection, adding works by Matisse, Edgar Degas, Picasso, Mary Cassatt, van Gogh, André Derain, Paul Gauguin, and Amedeo Modigliani.



Matisse in BaltimoreHenri Matisse in Etta Cone’s dining room at the Marlborough Apartments, Baltimore, December 17, 1930

The Baltimore Museum of Art: Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone Papers, Archives and Manuscripts Collection, CP29.2.2.

All works by Henri Matisse seen in archival photograph © 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York





1930
The Baltimore Museum of Art hosts the exhibition Cone Collection of Modern Paintings and Sculpture.

Matisse visits Etta at her home in the Marlborough Apartments. She commissions him to create a posthumous portrait of Claribel, based on photographs. By 1934, Matisse completes four drawings of Claribel and six of Etta.

1934
Etta publishes The Cone Collection of Baltimore, Maryland: Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, an illustrated volume of the collection “dedicated to the memory of Dr. Claribel Cone by her sister Etta Cone.”

Matisse
Henri Matisse in his apartment at the Place Charles-Félix in Nice, 1934
Henri Matisse Archive
All works by Henri Matisse seen in archival photograph © 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

...........................................................................................





A Collection of Collections: 1935-1949

1936
Etta purchases Matisse’s Large Reclining Nude (1935) from the artist for 90,000 French francs or about $5,500. In two letters the previous year, Matisse has sent Etta a total of twenty-two photographs documenting the various stages of the oil painting.

1937
The Nazi-organized exhibition Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art), a propagandist initiative to educate the public about supposedly inappropriate art and forms of expression, opens in Munich. The exhibition features works confiscated from German museums. Many of the artists the Nazis deem ”degenerate” are represented in the Cone Collection, including Matisse and Picasso.

1938
Etta makes her last trip to Europe.

1939–45
Throughout World War II, Etta continues to acquire European works of art, but as the war develops she purchases from American-based dealers.

In 1939, Matisse sends her a letter wishing her “good health,” with the hope that “this terrible war may not be as dreadful as one might expect it to be.”

1939
Etta purchases Mother and Child (1922) by Picasso, which reflects her penchant for art with domestic scenes, as well as her devotion to family.

1941
Etta has the Cone apartments at the Marlborough professionally photographed.

Claribel Cone's apartment:
Blue Nude room with Matisse's
Blue Nude. Claribel Cone's
apartment (8B), The Marlborough
Apartments, Baltimore, 1941
The Baltimore Museum of Art:
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CECHOMES.20
All works by Henri Matisse seen
in archival photograph © 2011
Succession H. Matisse / Artists
Rights Society (ARS), New York

Claribel Cone's apartment:
Print room, Claribel Cone's
apartment (8B), Marlborough
Apartments, Baltimore, 1941
The Baltimore Museum of Art:
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CECHOMES.19
All works by Henri Matisse seen
in archival photograph © 2011
Succession H. Matisse / Artists
Rights Society (ARS), New York



Claribel Cone's apartment: front room
Front room, Claribel Cone’s apartment
(8B), Marlborough Apartments,
Baltimore, 1941
The Baltimore Museum of Art:
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CECHOMES.13
All works by Henri Matisse seen in
archival photograph © 2011 >
Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York



Etta Cone's apartment: front room
Front room, Etta Cone’s
apartment (8D),
Marlborough Apartments,
Baltimore, 1941
The Baltimore Museum of
Art: Dr. Claribel and Miss
Etta Cone Papers, Archives
and Manuscripts
Collections, CH.23
All works by Henri Matisse
seen in archival photograph
© 2011 Succession H.
Matisse / Artists Rights
Society (ARS), New York


Etta Cone's apartment: dining room
Dining room, Etta Cone's apartment
(8D), Marlborough Apartments,
Baltimore, 1941
The Baltimore Museum of Art:
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CH.30.A
All works by Henri Matisse seen
in archival photograph © 2011
Succession H. Matisse / Artists
Rights Society (ARS), New York

Etta Cone's apartment: study
Study, Etta Cone's apartment
(8D), Marlborough Apartments,
Baltimore, after 1941
The Baltimore Museum of Art,
Dr. Claribel and Miss Etta Cone
Papers, Archives and Manuscripts
Collections, CH.36.A
All works by Pablo Picasso seen
in archival photograph © 2011
Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists
Rights Society (ARS), New York


1946
Gertrude Stein dies.

1947
Leo Stein dies.

1949
The last oil painting by Matisse that Etta will buy enters the Cone Collection. Etta purchases Two Girls, Red and Green Background (1947) from the New York art dealer Pierre Matisse, the artist’s son, for $6,500. In Matisse in The Cone Collection: The Poetics of Vision, the art historian Jack Flam remarks about the work: “The mood of this painting . . . is celebratory. There is a vivacious exchange of energy between the different orders of beings and things—the two girls and everything that surrounds them—the trees, the flowers, and the objects on the table. Everything seems to share a common source of vitality, which is transmitted in part by our awareness of the electric movement of the artist’s brush.”

Etta Cone dies in Blowing Rock on August 31, leaving her collection to The Baltimore Museum of Art. Duplicate prints and sculptures by Matisse are donated to what is today the Weatherspoon Art Museum in Greensboro, North Carolina.

...........................................................................................





Coda

1954
Matisse dies.

1957
The Baltimore Museum of Art opens its newly built Cone Wing, funded in part by Etta’s 1949 bequest of $400,000 earmarked for the project.

1973
Picasso dies.



This Timeline is drawn from "A Select Chronology of Claribel and Etta Cone"
by Melissa Klein in Collecting Matisse and Modern Masters: The Cone
Sisters of Baltimore
by Karen Levitov and
published by Yale University Press and The Jewish Museum, New York.